|Centre for social rehabilitation and integration of blind people|
CENTRE FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION AND INTEGRATION OF BLIND PEOPLE
Description of the services and the activities, related to them, offered in the centre
Acquiring these skills, the disabled people will manage to cope themselves with their everyday needs. In the useful skills are included the following groups:
1. All educational:
- Acquiring and formation of notion about objects, measures, surroundings, quantities, shapes, directions (left, right, up, down, forward, backward, above, below etc.), figures, different kinds of materials, complex objects and the most important thing is for a person to know how to sign papers.
- Skills for cleaning up, washing, care for clothes, hygiene maintenance, eating skills, shopping (dealing with cash) and others necessities in everyday life.
- Acquaintance with the “Union of the blind people”, what kind of institutions exist.
- Acquiring skills for behaviour in society, removal of uncontrolled movements, orientation of the body toward the sound and attitude toward the others.
This service or training is in aid of people with residual vision. The aim is to be preserved as long as possible the visibility of the person. Here are included specialized activities and exercises as well as the use of optical means and covered television (television magnifier).
MOBILITY AND ORIENTATION
The residual or the full loss of eyesight results in the disability of the person to perform unaided movements, which is directly proportional to the extent of visual disability, that’s exactly why the service orientation and mobility is so necessary. It includes:
- Movement in a small and large space with a companion
- Movement and studying of routes without a companion, with the help of a white walking stick.
This service is about training people who want and have the ability to work on computers. The training is achieved by voice software, created in conformity with the needs of blind people. The centre is in possession of computers and offers assistance to all who show interest.
In Braille are taught all blind people and volunteers with residual eyesight who are about to lose it. The Braille code is the alphabet of the blind and without it is impossible the single-handed exchange of information. Here are included studying of the alphabet and acquiring skills for reading and writing (with the help of Braille machine and plate).
The cookery has for an aim to restore previous culinary skills and to help people acquire new ones in conditions of disabled or missing eyesight, as well as to assure the safety of the client when working in the kitchen. The culinary activities ensure maximum independence of the person when working in the kitchen, using his preserved compensatory analyzers and his previous experience. Help in acquiring skills and culture of eating at home and in public facilities. During the training they will learn easy feasible recipes for preparing everyday dishes.
The use of this service gives the opportunity to people to aqiure the information they are interested in. It is stored and handed out to people on audio cassettes. The centre possesses its own phono-library fund.
The service offers free time activities, cultural activities, lectures and entertaining games such as chess, cards and others.
The programme and the duration of use of public services offered by the centre for social rehabilitation and integration of blind people in Sliven, are strictly individual and depend on:
- The diagnosis specified in the decisions of the doctor;
- The percentage of residual eyesight or the reduced working capability;
- The age of the person;
- Whether the person was trained before entering the centre, Whether there were any rehabilitation process;
- Other health problems;
- The desire for working with the particular person;
- The time since the person has lost his eyesight (by birth or later);
- Whether the loss of eyesight can be psychologically overcome;
- Other reasons